International Labor Organization (ILO) launched June 12th as World Day Against Child Labor in 2002. The day is a commemoration of the millions of children forced to work illegally globally. Various reasons around the globe force 168 million children to engage in child labor. The event tries to highlight the problems faced by child laborers and how to prevent child labor.
Child Labor refers to employing children under the age of 14 in dangerous work environments. Being in child labor prevents their ability to attain education to achieve growth for the future.
Child labor is present in every country in the world. However, it is more so in the economically unstable sub-Saharan countries of Africa. UN estimates show 48 million children are working before the age of 14 to support their families in these countries.
Child Labor in Nigeria
Nigeria is the largest country in Africa in terms of population. The economy of the country is oil dependent and part of the OPEC nations. We see the recent effects of the global oil markets in the country’s economy. The Nigerian economy is reeling under instability leading to increased market prices and living costs.
Child labor in Nigeria is at an all-time high according to the 2018 estimates. Estimates in 2017 reported that 15 million child laborers were present in the country. Today, almost half of Nigeria’s 79 million children between 5 and 17 are child laborers. Economic instability has fueled this increase in many parts of the country.
The Causes and Path to Abolishment
Nigerian officials point towards widespread poverty, rapid urbanization and breakdown of family affiliations as causes for an increase in child labor. Child labor of various types have gradually eroded the bright future of the Nation.
Poverty is the major cause of Child labor in the nation. It is a major source of income for the families under the poverty line in Nigeria. The country is high on poverty rates with 87 million estimated to be under the poverty line. Scarce employment opportunities for the qualified have increased the number of Nigerians leaving the country in search of brighter futures.
The government needs to bring in strict laws against child labor which would be a start. Educating the growing younger generation will help to create opportunities for a better future. The gradual reduction of poverty and better economic stability can help abolish child labor.
Nigeria has diversified its economy from oil in the past few years, yet the GDP needs considerable help through remittances. The Nigerian Diaspora around the world remitted $24.5 billion in the last year. They received $7.2 billion from the United States alone in 2018. Personal remittances represent 5.9% of the country’s total GDP for the year 2018.
Remitting For a Brighter Future
The Diaspora understands the hardships the country is under and their loved ones face. It is even more important to not taint the help they receive but value it. Remittance money often helps the benefactors to have a better life. It allows their children to attend school to build brighter futures.
The mediums of remittance in use today do not value the importance of remittances enough. Banks and IMTOs are slow and charge a premium for the humanitarian aid that is reaching the country from its Diaspora. Well, it is changing and changing for good.
The increase in mobile and internet penetration in Nigeria is leading to the use of online money transfer services like FAZRemit. FAZRemit assures its customers, value for their transactions and the lowest processing fees. We know the importance of these remittances in helping to abolish child labor.
Use FAZRemit for Remittances to Nigeria from the US
FAZRemit provides its customers with fast, safe and affordable transactions to Nigeria from the US.
Registering with the service is easy to do online. KYC documentation checks of the initiation and end points safeguard the customers and their money from online scams. FAZRemit provides the opportunity to make a difference in the lives of your loved ones.
The processing fee for the services offered by FAZRemit amount to 1.7% of the total remittance amount. This assures the customers, value for their transactions and the least loss of economic progression.
Since Nigeria adopted Child Labor laws 20 years ago, 20 million children still work as child labors. 6 million of Nigeria’s children do not even go to any schooling. This is a world crisis that needs to be managed properly.
This year’s theme for Child Labor Day on June 12 is: Children shouldn’t work in fields, But on dreams.